Options for Action

Coordinating Lead Authors:
Marianne Lefort (France), Angus Wright (USA) Lead Authors: David Andow (USA), Pavol Bielek (Slovakia), Rodney Brown (USA), Costas Gregoriou (Cyprus), Trish Kammili (France), Jacques Loyat (France), Denis Lucey (Ireland), Joe Morris (UK), Isaak Rashal (Latvia)

Contributing Authors:
Loic Antoine (France), Gilles Aumont (France), Yves Birot (France), Gerard Buttoud (France), Bernard Chevassus (France), Jean-François Dhote (France), Georges Eliades (Cyprus), Ghislain Gosse (France), Anil Graves (UK), Jean-Marc Guehl (France), Christoph Metochis (Cyprus), Jean-Luc Peyron (France), Pierre Ricci (France), Alain Ruellan (France), Yves Savidan (France), Bernard Seguin (France), Andrée Sontot (France)

Review Editors:
Michael Appleby (UK), Maria del Mar Delgado (Spain)

Key Messages

6.1 Paradigm Shift and Key Issues for AKST to Meet Development and Sustainability Goals 212
  6.1.1 Why recognize a paradigm for research and action? 212
  6.1.2 New research approaches and supportive institutional change 213
  6.1.3 Achieving the proper balance between the public and the private sectors 213
6.2 Future Needs and Priorities for AKST 214
  6.2.1 Responding to climate change 214   Mitigate climate change through agriculture 214 Reduce agriculture's vulnerability to climate change 215
  6.2.2 Facing new and emerging human, livestock and plantdiseases 216 Human and livestock diseases 216 Insect pests, weeds and diseases of plants 217
  6.2.3 Contributing to a global strategy for a low carbon economy 218 Biofuels 218 Improve energy efficiency of supply chains: food miles and life cycle analyses 220
  6.2.4 Trade, markets and agricultural policies 221
  6.2.5 Promoting food quality and safety in diverse food and farming systems 223   Improve food quality 224 Develop diversified, fair and equitable food and fibersupply chains 225
  6.2.6 Promoting environmental sustainability through ecological management 226 Potential contribution of AKST for long term soilpreservation 226 Contribution of AKST to water management 227 Potential contribution of AKST to biodiversity and genetic resource management 228 Potential of AKST for developing energy efficient food and farming systems 230 Reducing pressure on natural resources through the ecological footprint method 231
  6.2.7 Developing innovative crops and livestock food and farming systems 231 The potential of genetics and biotechnology for crops and livestock breeding 231 The potential of nanotechnologies in the food and fiber supply chains 234 Contribution of AKST to the development of improved pest management 235 Development of alternative resource management strategies 236
  6.2.8 Developing sustainable systems for forestry 236