Annex D
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Units

AARINENA Association of Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near                       East and North Africa
ACSAD        Arab Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Lands and                      Arid Zones
AIDS           Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AKIS           agriculture knowledge and information system
AKST         Agricultural knowledge, science and technology
AMHY        Alpine and Mediterranean Hydrology
AOAD        Arab Organization for Agricultural Development
ARC           Agricultural Research Council
ARI            agricultural research institute
AU              African Union
BCE           Before current era
BNF           Biological nitrogen fixation
BSE           Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
Bt               soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (usually refers to plants                    made insecticidal using a variant of various cry toxin genes                    sourced from plasmids of these bacteria)
CAC          Central Asia and the Caucasus
CA-TCN/  Central Asia and Trans-Caucasus Network on Plant Genetic
PGR          Resources
CAP          Common Agricultural Policy
CBD          Convention on Biological Diversity
C                carbon
Ca             calcium
CA            Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in agriculture
CBD         Convention on Biological Diversity
CBO         Community-based organization
Cd             cadmium
CDM        Clean Development Mechanism
CE            current era
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination                 Against Women
CEEC    Central and Eastern European Countries
CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

CH4           methane
CIAT         International Center for Tropical Agriculture
CIFOR     Center for International Forestry Research
CIHEAM   International Center for Advanced Mediterranean                   Agronomic Studies
CIMMYT   International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
CIP           International Potato Center
CIS          Commonwealth of Independent States among
Central    Asia and Caucasus countries
CITES     Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species                  of Wild Fauna and Flora
CLAES   Central Laboratory for Agricultural Expert Systems
C:N          carbon to nitrogen ratio
CO2         carbon dioxide
CO2-eq   carbon dioxide equivalent
[CO2]       carbon dioxide concentration
COA         certified organic agriculture
Codex      Codex Alimentarius
CODIS      Communication, documentation and information services
COMSTECH-OIC        Scientific and Technical Committee of the

                           Organization of Islamic Conference
CPB          Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
CPI            corruption perception index
CS              carbon sequestration
CSO           civil society organization
Cu              copper
CWANA    Central and West Asia and North Africa Defra UK                    Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
DFID         UK Department of International Development
DNA          deoxyribonucleic acid
dS              deciSiemen (measure of salinity)
EC/PGR    European Cooperative Program for Plant Genetic                    Resources
EU              European Union FAO Food and Agriculture Organization                     of the United Nations