Annex D
Acronyms, Abbreviations and Units

AARINENAAssociation of Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near East and North Africa
ACSADArab Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Lands and Arid Zones
AIDSAcquired immune deficiency syndrome
AKIS agriculture knowledge and information system
AKST Agricultural knowledge, science and technology
AMHYAlpine and Mediterranean Hydrology
AOADArab Organization for Agricultural Development
ARCAgricultural Research Council
ARIagricultural research institute
AUAfrican Union
BCEBefore current era
BNFBiological nitrogen fixation
BSEBovine spongiform encephalopathy
Btsoil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (usually refers to plants made insecticidal using a variant of various cry toxin genes sourced from plasmids of these bacteria)
CACCentral Asia and the Caucasus
CA-TCNCentral Asia and Trans-Caucasus Network on Plant Genetic
CAPCommon Agricultural Policy
CBDConvention on Biological Diversity
CAComprehensive Assessment of Water Management in agriculture
CBDConvention on Biological Diversity
CBOCommunity-based organization
CDMClean Development Mechanism
CEcurrent era
CEDAWConvention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
CEECCentral and Eastern European Countries
CGIARConsultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CIATInternational Center for Tropical Agriculture
CIFORCenter for International Forestry Research
CIHEAMInternational Center for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies
CIMMYTInternational Maize and Wheat Improvement Center
CIPInternational Potato Center
CISCommonwealth of Independent States among Central Asia and Caucasus countries
CITESConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CLAESCentral Laboratory for Agricultural Expert Systems
C:Ncarbon to nitrogen ratio
CO2carbon dioxide
CO2-eq carbon dioxide equivalent
[CO2carbon dioxide concentration
COAcertified organic agriculture
CodexCodex Alimentarius
CODISCommunication, documentation and information services
COMSTECH-OICScientific and Technical Committee of the Organization of Islamic Conference
CPBCartagena Protocol on Biosafety
CPIcorruption perception index
CScarbon sequestration
CSOcivil society organization
CWANACentral and West Asia and North Africa Defra UK Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
DFIDUK Department of International Development
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid
dSdeciSiemen (measure of salinity)
EC/PGREuropean Cooperative Program for Plant Genetic Resources
EUEuropean Union
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations